Physics Modules


Representing a set of fully integrated modules for ScanIP, +SOLID, +FLOW and +LAPLACE calculate effective material properties from image data using Finite Element-based homogenisation techniques. Quick-semi-analytical estimates or simulations in a built-in FE solver can be used to compute properties for samples (CT, micro-CT, FIB-SEM...).

Calculate effective linear elastic properties in +SOLID, absolute permeability in +FLOW and electrical/thermal/molecular properties in +LAPLACE. Choose from a range of boundary conditions and visualise and export your results.

Overview of the Physics Modules

Modules are available separately or as a bundle.

  +SOLID Module +FLOW Module +LAPLACE Module
  Calculates the effective stiffness tensor and individual elastic moduli of material samples. Perform numerical homogenisation with a built-in FE solver or derive quick semi-analytical estimates from segmented images. Calculates the absolute permeability tensor of samples of porous materials. Numerical homogenisation is performed using a built-in Stokes solver. Calculates the effective properties of materials whose behaviour is governed by the Laplace equation, including electrical conductivity/permittivity, thermal conductivity and molecular diffusivity. Perform numerical homogenisation with a built-in FE solver or derive quick semi-analytical estimates from segmented images.
  • Calculate effective stiffness tensor/elastic moduli
  • Full simulations with built-in FE solver
  • Model multiphase materials
  • Quick semi-analytical estimates
  • Visualise deformations, stress and strain
  • Assess isotropy/orthotropy levels
  • Calculate absolute permeability
  • Full simulations with built-in solver
  • Visualise velocities and pressures
  • Assess isotropy levels
  • Calculate effective electrical conductivity and permittivity
  • Calculate thermal conductivity
  • Calculate molecular diffusivity
  • Full simulations with built-in FE solver
  • Quick semi-analytical estimates
  • Visualise fields
  • Assess isotropy levels

Compare Features of the Physics Modules

Feature +SOLID Module +FLOW Module +LAPLACE Module
Generate High Quality Volume Meshes (Hex/Tet or All Tet) yes yes yes
Automated Greylevel based Material Property Assignment yes    
Calculate Effective Elastic Properties yes    
Calculate Absolute Permeability   yes  
Calculate Effective Thermal and Electric Properties     yes
Visualise FE Simulation Results yes yes yes

New in Version 2016.09

Read the ►2016.09 Release Blog and watch the ►2016.09 Release Highlights Webinar

1D and 2D Analysis
  • Output now tailored to 1D, 2D and 3D cases
  • Reduction in both memory usage and solving time required
  • Boundary conditions optimised for 1D and 2D cases
  • Sub-volume averaging only in the direction of analysis


  • Homogenisation methods are robust and efficient
    Simplify analysis of complex materials
  • Efficient simulations based on 3D scans
    Rapidly calculate effective properties within ScanIP
  • Choose from wide range of predefined boundary conditions
    Save time by working with standard settings
  • High-quality visualisation and animation of your data
    Explore simulation results and share with colleagues
  • Scripting
    Automate repeatable tasks and operations

Key features

  • Calculate effective elastostatic properties (+SOLID), absolute permeability (+FLOW) and electrical conductivity/permittivity, thermal conductivity and molecular diffusivity (+LAPLACE)
  • Choose between full finite element-based homogenisation and rapid calculation of analytical bounds (bounds available in +SOLID and +LAPLACE only)
  • Automatic calculation of best-fit isotropic (all modules), orthotropic (+SOLID) and uniaxial (+LAPLACE, +FLOW) approximations to calculated effective tensors
  • Reduction of boundary effects by field averaging over model subvolumes
  • Automatic determination of the directions of models’ principal axes
  • Export of calculation results to text and VTK files


Physics Modules (+SOLID, +FLOW, +LAPLACE) Technical Data

The Physics modules are fully integrated within ScanIP. They are used to carry out finite element (FE) based homogenisation in order to calculate the effective stiffness (+SOLID), effective conductivity/permittivity/diffusivity (+LAPLACE) and absolute permeability (+FLOW) of samples.

►expand all   ►hide all

FE-based Homogenisation

  • Meshing is carried out internally using the +FE meshing algorithms, with full access to advanced options for fine tuning volume meshes and inspecting element qualities.
  • Simulation carries out a full finite element analysis
  • Rapidly calculate analytical upper and lower bounds on the effective properties directly from the 3D image data (+SOLID, +LAPLACE)
  • Choose between several predefined boundary conditions in order to adopt the appropriate homogenisation method
  • Reduction of boundary effects by averaging fields over model sub-volumes
  • Simulate multi-part models with separate material properties (+SOLID, +LAPLACE)
  • Material properties of each model part can be homogeneous or greyscale-based
  • Monitor the progress of the iterative solver via convergence graphs
  • Reduce simulation complexity and computer resources by treating appropriate 3D models as 2D or 1D


  • Calculation of effective property tensors:
    • Automatic determination of the directions of models/ principal axes
    • Automatic calculation of best-fit isotropic, orthotropic (+SOLID) and uniaxial (+LAPLACE, +FLOW) approximations to calculated effective tensors
    • Compare results calculated for the different boundary condition types
    • Quickly alter the number of decimal places displayed
    • Determine and plot average orientations of anisotropic samples using principal coordinate axes
  • Visualisation of fields generated in finite element simulations:
    • Display modes include streamlines, magnitudes and individual tensor components
    • Display scaled mesh deformation (+SOLID)
    • Many preset colour scales available as well as the option to import custom scales from XML files
    • Manually adjust the range of values plotted
  • Mesh clipping allows easy visualisation of the fields within the sample


  • Calculated tensors to text file
  • Calculated fields to VTK file format
  • Visualised fields plots to images (PNG, BMP, JPEG, PNM, EPS, PDF and VRML formats)
  • Analytical bounds to text file

Download Technical Datasheet